Prostate Cancer Treatment
Treatment for prostate cancer involves either local therapy or systemic therapy:
- Local therapy: Surgery and radiation therapy are types of local treatments. They remove or destroy cancer in the prostate. When the disease has spread to other parts of the body, local therapy may be used to control the disease in those specific areas.
- Systemic therapy: Hormone therapy is a type of systemic therapy. Hormones are given to control cancer that has spread (metastasized).
The treatment option that is right for you depends on:
- The stage of the cancer
- The grade of the tumor
- Your symptoms of prostate cancer
- Your general health.
The treatment that is best for one man may not be best for another. Your doctor will describe your treatment choices and the expected results.
Treatment for prostate cancer may involve:
- Watchful waiting (see Watchful Waiting for Prostate Cancer)
- Surgery (see Prostate Cancer Surgery)
- Radiation therapy (see Radiation Treatment for Prostate Cancer)
- Hormone therapy (see Prostate Cancer Hormone Therapy).
In addition, you may have a combination of treatment methods.
You should consider both the expected benefits and possible side effects of each treatment option. You may want to discuss with your doctor the possible effects on sexual activity. You can work with your healthcare provider to create a prostate cancer treatment plan that reflects your medical needs and personal values.